Mainflingen MW cross dipole antenna   1EN
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MW Mainflingen cross dipole antenna 1539 kHz

MW Mainflingen cross dipole antenna   Click on photo for larger photo
History of the cross dipole antenna in Mainflingen

The German religious broadcaster
represented by its director for technical devolopement and marketing, Hartmut Diehl, was always annoyed that broadcasting from the vertical antenna in Mainflingen caused a fading zone during night time in "his" main coverage area. The fading zone is defined as an area where the difference of levels between groundwave and skywave field strength is less than 6 dB.

Due to different phases of these field strengths - the path along the ionosphere is longer than along the ground-  distortions of reception occur.
Hence the idea came up to install an horizontally polarized antenna at the same site, which radiates the whole power towards the ionosphere. There it is reflected towards the earth where now nearly everywhere the skywaves are much stronger than the groundwaves.   In addition complaints about bad TV reception in the villages close to the vertical antenna never stopped. This problem could be also solved when using an horizontally polarized antenna which radiates nearly the full energy to the sky.

The cross dipole antenna is a very efficient horizontally polarised antenna because of its additional circular polarisation. This is due to a particular behaviour of the ionosphere.
With the correct sense of rotation of the waves entering the E or F layers the whole energy is reflected and nearly no losses are occuring at the ionosphere.
At that time the only cross dipole antenna in operation was in Arganda near Madrid. Mr. Diehl himself checked the effectiveness of  this antenna by driving through whole Spain in order to measure the field strengths.
next page  >>> 2E
cross dipole antenna and vertical antenna
Location of cross dipole antenna
near Mainflingen in the vicinity of Frankfurt/Main
Map showing the position of the antenna site Mainflingen.

Not far in Western direction the MW antenna Weiskirchen is located.
This map shows the exact loation of the cross dipole. Mainflingen has two antenna sites.
The cross dipole is not on the main antenna site but on the second antenna site close to the village Mainhausen.
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